History of the brand

From the precursors of the Sprinter in 1955, to the 3rd generation models (2018). The brand with the three-pointed star ...

 
Choice of carrier and concessionaire

What criteria to make the right choices, switch to 4x4 while staying in 3T5 ...
 

Our Grand Canyon S

Here, to follow the order, the delivery and the changes and transformations that we will make


 

The Mercedes-Benz brand

The "Mercedes" brand was registered in 1902 by Emil Jellinek, in reference to his daughter's first name. In 1909, the logo, a three-pointed star, proposed by Paul Daimler, was registered.
For his part, Carl Benz had worked on a two-stroke thermal engine (1879) before obtaining a patent for the Benz 1 Tricycle (Benz Patent-Motorwagen Nummer 1). It is the first vehicle from Benz & Cie.
June 28, 1926, the two companies merge, and create "Mercedes-Benz AG". Today, the Mercedes-Benz company is part of the Daimler Group. The Sprinter is a Mercedes-Benz brand van.
precursor

The precursors of the Sprinter 1955

1955. Release of the L319, designed to meet the needs of collection and distribution traffic.

1963. The designation L319 is discontinued. The vehicles are now classified under the brand L 405 (diesel) and L 407 (gasoline), which give way in 1967 to T2.

1967. The T2 series refers to a series of vans built by Daimler-Benz for 30 years (until 1996). Known under the name of “Düsseldorfer Transporter” these vans are revolutionizing the transport market. In 1991, the era of all-wheel drive begins with the T2 - model 814 DA

1977. The "Bremer Transporter", the T1, is considered the direct precursor of the Mercedes-Benz Sprinter. The series had front disc brakes for the first time.


1st generation
 

First Generation Sprinter - 1995 to 2006 - Type 901 (1995 to 1997) to 905 (1998 to 2006)

1995. Mercedes-Benz presents a new van, the first Mercedes Sprinter, which becomes a benchmark model, with the most powerful diesel engine in its class (90 kW - 122 hp) and with new safety technologies: disc brakes versatile, standard ABS anti-lock braking system, automatic brake differential, rear-wheel drive with high traction, modern chassis with independent front suspension, height-adjustable three-point seat belts. This Sprinter succeeds the Transporter T1.

1997. With the coming of all-wheel drive, the Sprinter now shows great ability on rough terrain. All-wheel drive can be activated up to 20 km / h. For safety reasons, the front-wheel drive is automatically deactivated when the engine is switched off. The Sprinter 4 × 4 can therefore never be started accidentally with the front wheel drive engaged, even if the selector is set to "All-wheel".
To switch to 4x4, the Sprinter has undergone some modifications: additional weight of 130Kg, elevation of the front axle of 110 millimeters and 80 millimeters on the rear axle. Thus, the steering angle changes from 46 degrees to 36 degrees, resulting in a larger turning radius. A selectable differential lock on the rear axle is also available as an option.

The basis of the Sprinter is rear-wheel drive with turbo-diesel, five-cylinder, 122 hp (90 kW). A 143 hp (105 kW) four-cylinder petrol engine is also available, and a 100 hp (74 kW) five-cylinder turbodiesel was subsequently added to the lineup. Power is transmitted either by a mechanical five-speed gearbox or by a fully automatic gearbox. Up to four axle ratios are available for all versions. The vans are available with a gross vehicle weight of 3.5 tonnes or 4.6 tonnes.

2000. Introduction of CDI diesel engines with power up to 156 hp (115 kW) and new cockpit. The six-speed “Sprintshif” automatic transmission replaces the optional automatic transmission. It is a six-speed robotic mechanical gearbox. The equipment of the Mercedes Sprinter is enriched: tachometer, more powerful headlights, driver's airbag as standard, passenger airbag as an option, oil level check light and immobilizer. The cockpit now resembles that of a car.

2001. Mercedes adds the Sprinter 616 CDI to the range, a six-ton. Side airbags are available.

2002. A more powerful brake booster and an ESP® electronic stability program in Sprinter versions up to 3.5 t. The Sprinter has a new look: clear glass headlights, red and white two-tone taillights, modified grille and white side indicators. It is marketed in Canada and the United States by the Freightliner and Dodge group.

2004. ESP® is standard on all Sprinter chassis

With nearly 1.4 million vehicles sold, the first-generation Sprinter (1995 to 2006) is the best-seller in its class in Europe

 
2nd generation

Second generation Sprinter - 2006 to 2018 - Type 906
designed in cooperation with Volkswagen (Crafter).

2006 - 2007. The Sprinter has even more improvements, new lightweight aluminum and light alloy bodywork to save weight. The front of the Sprinter is redesigned. It is also known as NCV3 or New Concept Van 3
New Sprinter 4x4, with permanent all-wheel drive, which transfers power to the front and rear axles in a ratio of 35:65 in normal driving. The Sprinter 4 × 4 is available in many variations (height - length - weight). Large 16-inch wheels increase traction and ground clearance. The new cockpit offers plenty of space for the driver and passenger.

2008. The Sprinter benefits from new engines and transmissions.
The Sprinter 4x4 has a switchable all-wheel drive system that distributes the driving force under normal road conditions and grip in a 35/65 ratio between the front and rear axles. The Sprinter 4x4 transfer box is connected directly to the main box.
Among the peculiarities of the Sprinter 4x4 is the absence of mechanical differential locks. The all-wheel drive works in this case with the electronic traction control 4ETS. If one or more wheels lose traction on slippery ground, the 4ETS system automatically brakes the spinning wheels briefly and individually, while proportionally increasing the torque applied to the wheels with satisfactory traction. [..] The new Sprinter 4x4 certainly does not intend to meet the same requirements as a true off-roader, but off-road assignments do not scare it.
»(Mercedes-Benz press release)

2013. The Sprinter complies with the Euro VI emission standard, several years before the legal requirement. Five new safety systems: Crosswind Assist, Collision Prevention Assist, Blind Spot Assist, High Beam Assist and Lane Keeping Assist. 25,000 Sprinter T1N vans are built in Russia by Gorkowski Avtomobilny Sawod (GAZ) and sold by Russian Mercedes-Benz dealers.

2014. The Sprinter has been restyled: a new, sleeker and straighter grille with the iconic Mercedes 3-blade design, carrying new headlights.


 
3rd generation

Third generation sprinter - from 2018 - Type 907 (rear wheel drive) Type 910 (front wheel drive)
développé sans Volkswagen

2018. At Mercedes, the Sprinter only existed in rear-wheel drive or 4x4. With the new generation released in June, which brings more connectivity, the big change is the appearance of a front-wheel drive version.
Transmission fully integrated with the Adaptive ESP stability program.
The next-generation Sprinter’s shiftable 4x4 transmission maximizes grip. With the engine running, it is selected at a standstill or at low speed, up to 10 km / h, by activating a switch on the instrument panel. Under normal operating conditions, this drive mode distributes the Sprinter 4x4's torque to the front and rear axles at a ratio of 35/65 respectively. This gives a behavior almost similar to the rear-wheel drive Sprinter in daily use. [...] If one or more wheels lose grip on slippery ground, for example on snowy or icy roads, the 4ETS system automatically brakes the spinning wheels in brief pulses, thus increasing the driving torque of the wheels, for better traction. The 4ETS system uses the ABS sensors for this. The automatic braking of the 4ETS can correspond to the effect of three locking differentials: the inter-axle locking differential, the rear axle lock and the front axle lock
. "(Daimler press release)

The downhill speed limiter (DSR - Downhill Speed Regulation) is optionally available with a short range. It is used to maintain a predefined constant speed on a slope. The Sprinter combines innovative design with passenger car comfort and safety features.

In addition, the third generation of Sprinter benefits from the Mercedes PRO Connect services and the MBUX (Mercedes-Benz User Experience) multimedia system with a 7 or 10.25 inch screen, HD resolution and operating using the touch controls at the steering wheel, a touch screen or the new voice control.

2019 -2020. Entry into electric mobility. Presented at the end of 2019, the eSprinter, will be launched in France in the second half of 2020. It is given for a range of 168 kilometers

 
 

Sources
blog.mercedes-benz-passion.com
Daimler.com
media.daimler.fr